Drug Free Workplace

What is a Drug-Free Workplace?

A drug-free workplace, as defined in the Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988, is a workplace where "the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession, or use of a controlled substance is prohibited." Most employers strive to provide a safe work environment and encourage personal health. They consider the abuse of drugs and alcohol on the job to be an unsafe, counterproductive work practice. Furthermore, they see substance abuse as a serious threat to other staff and their customers. In consideration of this, most employers strictly prohibit the use, possession, and sale of illegal drugs and alcohol at work. Some employers, regulated by a U.S. government agency such as the Department of Transportation, have strict, mandated procedures in place.

What is a Drug-Free Workplace?

Six Major Components of a Drug-Free Workplace

1.
Needs Assessment
Allows an employer to assess the workplace environment to determine the needs of the company.
2.
Policy Development
The process of creating a written drug-free workplace policy that tells everyone the organization’s position on alcohol and other drug abuse and explains what will happen if the policy is violated.
3.
Employee Education
The practice of introducing the drug-free workplace program to employees and informing them about alcohol- and other drug-related issues.
4.
Supervisor Training
Provides managers and supervisors with valuable support in introducing and carrying out a drug-free workplace program. They are trained in the signs and symptoms of substance use and how to intervene.
5.
Employee Assistance Program (EAP)
Allows an organization to offer help to employees with a variety of problems which could affect their job performance, including personal problems or problems with alcohol or other drugs. This component can be a sign of employer support and a source of improved productivity.
6.
Drug Testing
A means to determine the facts of whether an employee or prospective new hire has recently used drugs. Programs require the following, to be fully successful: careful planning, consistently applied procedures, strict confidentiality, and provisions for appeal.

What is a Drug-Free Workplace?

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